Everyone knows they should keep their teeth healthy to avoid cavities; however, most people don’t know that your gums are just as important to clean. Our dentists in Hinsdale have come up with some guidelines to help you maintain healthy gums and fight against potential oral diseases.
Healthy vs. Unhealthy Gums
Healthy gums are light pink and firm, while unhealthy gums are often bright red or swollen. Pay attention and note if your gums bleed as you brush or floss because unhealthy gums often bleed.
Common Gum Diseases
Gingivitis usually precedes periodontitis, but it’s important to note that not all cases of gingivitis progress to periodontitis. Gingivitis is treatable but if left untreated, periodontitis can form—and it’s also more difficult to treat.
- Gingivitis: This is a common gum disease that occurs when plaque build-up causes your gum line to become swollen and inflamed. Other symptoms include bad breath and tenderness. Gingivitis is easy to cure but can lead to teeth and jaw problems if left untreated.
- Periodontitis: Untreated gingivitis often leads to periodontitis, a more serious gum disease. Periodontitis occurs when extreme plaque build-up causes the gums and bone pull away from the teeth. As gums pull away, pockets are formed where bacteria cause infections and advanced infections can permanently damage the jaw bone. Periodontitis is characterized by the same symptoms of gingivitis as well as the appearance of a thin layer of dark yellow plaque near the gum line.
Keeping Your Gums Healthy
It’s imperative to keep your gums healthy daily. Some tips and tricks to good oral hygiene include:
- Brush your teeth twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste
- Floss regularly, at least once a day
- Use a therapeutic mouthwash
2019 is halfway done, so contact us today for your bi-yearly checkup. Our dentists in Hinsdale look forward to seeing you and helping you keep your oral health in tip-top shape.